<lem>

<lem> (lemma) contains the lemma, or base text, of a textual variation. [12.1. The Apparatus Entry, Readings, and Witnesses]
Moduletextcrit
AttributesAttributes att.global (@xml:id, @n, @xml:lang, @xml:base, @xml:space) (att.global.rendition (@rend, @style, @rendition)) (att.global.linking (@corresp, @synch, @sameAs, @copyOf, @next, @prev, @exclude, @select)) (att.global.analytic (@ana)) (att.global.facs (@facs)) (att.global.change (@change)) (att.global.responsibility (@cert, @resp)) (att.global.source (@source)) att.textCritical (@type, @cause, @varSeq, @require) (att.written (@hand)) att.witnessed (@wit)
Contained by
textcrit: app rdgGrp
May contain
Declaration
element lem
{
   tei_att.global.attributes,
   tei_att.textCritical.attributes,
   tei_att.witnessed.attributes,
   (
      text
    | tei_model.divLike
    | tei_model.divPart
    | titlePage
    | argument
    | byline
    | tei_docAuthor
    | tei_docDate
    | tei_docEdition
    | tei_docImprint
    | tei_docTitle
    | tei_epigraph
    | imprimatur
    | titlePart
    | epilogue
    | performance
    | prologue
    | set
    | tei_model.gLike
    | tei_model.phrase
    | tei_model.inter
    | tei_model.global
    | tei_model.rdgPart
   )*
}
Example
<app>
 <lem wit="#El #Hg">Experience</lem>
 <rdg wit="#Latype="substantive">Experiment</rdg>
 <rdg wit="#Ra2type="substantive">Eryment</rdg>
</app>
Note

The term lemma is used in text criticism to describe the reading given in the main text, which may be used as a heading in the apparatus itself. This usage connects it to mathematics (where a lemma is a proven proposition used as a step in a proof, a "given") and natural-language processing (where a lemma is the dictionary headword associated with an inflected form in the running text).